CORIANO – RIMINI
Coriano offers the peace and tranquillity of a country town, despite being only a short distance from the busy coast, right at the centre of the triangle formed by the lively beaches of Rimini and Riccione and the soaring towers of San Marino. The countryside around the town is of great beauty, with its rural communities dedicated to the cultivation of wheat and olives, as well as to the production of some of the best wines of the area. The hospitality of the inhabitants is warm-hearted and generous, and they seldom miss an opportunity to organise fairs and festivals to welcome their visitors.
The origins of the ancient fundus Cornelianus are lost in the mists of time. Artefacts found locally indicate that in the Iron Age, around the 8th or the 7th centuries BC, there was already a small village nearby, perhaps an offshoot of the Villanovan settlement at Verucchio. The present site of the town, however, was probably decided in the 3rd century BC, when the Roman programme of colonisation reclaimed a great quantity of unused land for agriculture and brought many new inhabitants to the hills and valleys of the territory.
Like the rest of the Rimini area, Coriano has been dominated by a succession of different rulers, including the Goths, the Byzantines, German emperors, the Malatesta family, Cesare Borgia, the Venetian Republic and the Papal States, to name only the most important ones. In 1444 the Malatesta family built a castle at Coriano, but it was confiscated and presented to the Sassatelli family of Imola by Pope Clement VIII, in recognition of the help given in defeating the rebellious Malatesta dynasty. The town owes its coat of arms to the Sassatelli family, and it can still be seen 0ver the arch that leads to what remains of the castle.
In 1605, Coriano became a part of the Papal States again, under whose rule it remained until the constitution of the Kingdom of Italy. The centre of the town was seriously damaged during the Second World War, and in September 1944 it was the scene of one of the most bitterly fought battles of the Italian Campaign. On 13th September, after a first attempt which had failed, divisions of the 5th British Armoured Corps and the 1st Canadian Army Corps succeeded in breaking through the heavily defended Gothic Line at Coriano, and the Allied High Command later took up temporary residence in the Villa de Vergers, at nearby San Lorenzo in Correggiano, one of the most graceful mansions in neo-classical style in the Rimini area. Coriano now boasts many prominent industries, one of which is the Valleverde footwear group, and other activities include agriculture and small-scale manufacturing.
Places and events
Only a part of Coriano Castle remains, as the resthas been destroyed at various times over the centuries. However, the inner gateway with its square tower, the 16th century outer gateway and stretches of the original walls can still be seen. The countryside around the town is characterised by green hills where olives, grapevines and wheat are grown.
Coriano Town Council is noted for its precious contribution towards the protection of the environment, which now represents an important attraction for visitors to the town. Nature lovers will be sure appreciate the River Marano Park and the Rio Melo Valley, which are ideal for pleasant and relaxing country rambles. Autumn brings the warmth of colours to Coriano with several interesting events, one of which is the Olive Festival, an excellent opportunity to taste and even buy the exquisite olive oil produced locally. Quality is guaranteed by a contest that awards prizes to the best producers of the season.
The San Patrignano Community is established in the countryside near Coriano, and apart from producing biologically grown food and valuable craftwork, and breeding horses, is also known for its invaluable work in the field of social assistance. Many of the villages around Coriano have interesting buildings, and at the Madre Pie Convent there is a noteworthy embroidery and lace display.
- Town Council: Piazza Mazzini, 1 – tel. 0541659811
- Unione delle Associazioni turistiche Pro Loco del Circondario di Rimini: Via Garibaldi, 34 – Tel. 0541 657113
- Pro Loco: P.zza Mazzini, 10 – Tel/fax 0541 656255
email: firstname.lastname@example.org – www.prolococoriano.it
- Civic Libraries: Via Garibaldi – Tel. 0541 657113 –
Via Borgata 53 – Ospedaletto – Tel. 0541 656313
- Post office: Via Garibaldi, 217 – Tel. 657116 – Via Montescudo – Ospedaletto – Tel. 0541 656046
- Municipal Police: (Vigili Urbani): P.za Mazzini, 1 – Tel. 659833
- Carabinieri: via Marano – Tel. 657159
- Market: Monday (Via Garibaldi)